Environment

Global Climate Agencies Publish Dubious Emissions Calculations, Tighten the Noose Around Energy

Commentary

The International Energy Agency (IEA) is once more demonstrating its usefulness in creating whips for Western governments to flagellate themselves with.

Last time, it was their Net-Zero report, which beneficial constructing no new fossil-fuel-fired energy stations. Ever. It was launched the day earlier than Australia permitted a brand new gas-fired energy station.

This time, it’s the IEA’s “global methane tracker,” which has give you an emission estimate greater than any of the different present estimates.

Their estimate was just lately “analysed” by the Institute for Energy Economics and Financial Analysis (IEEFA), which regardless of its title, is merely a U.S.-based non-profit local weather activist organisation.

They concluded that Australia’s official estimate ought to be 81 % greater for the coal business and that the “oil and gas” methane emission estimate ought to be 92 % greater!

Comparison of Fugitive Methane Emissions Estimates by IEA (2022) with National Inventory Emissions Data (2020-21). (IEEFA)

Their conclusion from this was that the Australian authorities’s “safeguard mechanism” is insufficiently aggressive and that we might want to almost double the price that we’re proposing to cut back methane emissions as a way to obtain the identical finish purpose.

The IEEFA’s report presenting this evaluation comes to 6 pages—longer than the press launch however removed from clear—and has generated a spherical of headlines.

Yet really, The Guardian reported on this in February, shortly after the IEA report was revealed. And actually, if the IEEFA had executed much less “analysis” and extra studying, they might have observed the IEA report already made the comparability for them and received barely completely different numbers.

Epoch Times Photo
Australia methane emissions from all sources, comparability with UNFCCC and different estimates. (IEA/CC BY 4.0)

Analysis Is Problematic On Multiple Levels

The largest downside with the IEEFA’s report, nonetheless, shouldn’t be the unknown mathematical error however moderately their conclusion for the safeguard mechanism.

The safeguard mechanism, for many who usually are not acquainted, is a government-mandated program for lowering Australia’s greenhouse gasoline emissions.

Under the program, the 215 largest Australian emitters (people who immediately emit greater than 100,000 tonnes of carbon dioxide equal annually) are required to cut back their emissions at a price of 4.9 % per 12 months over the subsequent seven years.

Importantly, the “safeguard mechanism” shouldn’t be designed to realize a particular degree of emissions however moderately to ascertain a downward development. It makes use of Australia’s official emissions figures, estimated and reported through the Clean Energy Regulator based on a course of set beneath Australia’s “National Greenhouse and Energy Reporting Scheme” (NGER).

Suppose an business guarantees to cut back its emissions, after which moderately than really lowering them, it solely modified the manner these emissions have been measured. That would create outrage, and rightly so.

Yet that’s what the IEEFA are proposing for Australia’s safeguard mechanism. The baseline emissions targets have been set based mostly on NGER reporting, however they’re proposing to vary the IEA measurements whereas nonetheless concentrating on the identical last ranges.

Actually, even beneath the NGER, the calculation methodology has continuously been modified, inflicting synthetic drift in the reported emissions year-on-year. Yet adopting the IEA estimate as a substitute would very immediately add a big burden to the main emitters.

Epoch Times Photo
The Karratha Gas Plant in Australia is seen on this undated handout picture. (Woodside/Handout through Reuters)

But the IEEFA evaluation is much more nonsensical for 2 different causes.

Firstly, the safeguard mechanism applies to complete emissions, not simply methane emissions. Even if the methane counting has this error, the CO2 emissions need to be added on earlier than the impression of the error could be correctly estimated.

Secondly, the IEA estimate doesn’t report the emissions from particular person corporations however for the total business sector. It can’t actually be used to trace efficiency towards the safeguard mechanism, which makes it a poor foundation for setting targets for the mechanism.

Though it has made headlines, it’s also not apparent that the IEA estimate is a greater estimate than the others accessible.

The IEA assigned methane emissions to completely different business sectors by scaling them from reported U.S. knowledge, which assumes that the efficiency of U.S. companies is consultant of the remainder of the world. They then scaled the estimates utilizing satellite tv for pc measurements, the place such knowledge was obtained.

Yet it has lengthy been noticed that top-down estimates of methane emissions range considerably from bottom-up estimates, and that estimation is tough. Methane is emitted from a wide variety of various sources. No methodology of assigning the launch to a particular supply is foolproof.

Why Villainize Methane to Begin With?

Before we hyperventilate over the obvious underestimating of our vitality sector’s methane emissions, it’s value being conscious of the “big picture” of methane.

The majority of methane emissions are from pure sources—particularly, tropical wetlands—then agriculture and landfill and the vitality business. The vitality sector shouldn’t be the principal emission supply.

In all of those sectors, Australia can also be a really small emitter in comparison with different nations. This has been particularly notable just lately, when sudden, giant methane emissions have been traceable to particular large-scale leak occasions, reminiscent of the Nordstream Pipeline ruptures.

Epoch Times Photo
Global sources of methane. (The Global Carbon Atlus)

While methane is regularly emitted into the environment, it’s also regularly faraway from the environment by pure processes in order that the quantity that’s really accumulating is a small fraction of what’s coming into.

Methane ranges have been growing just lately at an growing price. Yet these latest modifications have been attributed to a rise in pure wetland emissions and, satirically, a lower in NOx air pollution (nitrogen oxides). The course of that breaks down NOx air pollution from the air additionally removes methane.

Energy is a elementary value encapsulated in all fashionable productiveness. The safeguard mechanism, even with its present targets, is already an impost on the sector that’s more likely to drive prices upwards throughout all industries.

Unlike CO2, methane is no less than a helpful commodity; capturing methane and utilizing it (or promoting it) for vitality is worth it. The business doesn’t flippantly throw methane away.

Decreasing emissions will likely be tough in locations the place the business is already environment friendly. The emitters must buy emission offsets.

They don’t thoughts this, they’ll merely cross prices onward, which can drive up gas costs at a time when gas is scarce, and costs are already excessive.

The IEEFA evaluation and conclusions are taking one other alternative to hunt to punish Australia’s vitality sector. They ought to understand that the extra we hit our vitality sector, the extra we hit ourselves.

Views expressed on this article are the opinions of the writer and don’t essentially replicate the views of The Epoch Times.

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